How to Lay a Patio

How to Lay a Patio

It is a gardener’s dream to have a decent patio in their home. A patio is a multi-purpose space where you can grow plants, take a rest, as well as entertain friends and family. Unlike what most of us think, it is not difficult to learn how to lay a patio. With the right equipment and tools, preparation and sweat, you’ll learn how to lay a patio in few steps accurately.


Step-by-step Guide on How to Lay a Patio

If you haven’t done any hard landscaping before, this easy and quick guide will teach you simple, easy to understand ways on how to lay a patio. You don’t have to worry about using a different material instead of the materials we have listed below. Regardless of what you use, the procedure is the same. The key to success lies on the preparation, having the right tools and equipment, and following how to lay a patio instructions very carefully.

Here’s a list of the materials we used:

  • Hardcore material, cement, building sand, cement mixer
  • Paving, paviours
  • Shovel, wheelbarrow, rake
  • Wooden pegs, spirit level, hammer, wacker plate, wood plank
  • Rubber mallet
  • Bolster
  • Chisel
  • Pointing trowel


Easy Steps on How to Lay a Patio

The first thing you should do on how to lay a patio is to clear the space you have designated for a patio. Remove any turf and plants. Make sure you have measured the land area to at least 15cm depth to allow room for the hardcore, paving slabs and mortar. Lay 5cms of hardcore. Scatter the hardcore  with a rake and remove bumps.

Next step on how to lay a patio is to compact and level the hardcore by using a wacker plate. This will make the base solid and help stop the rubble moving as you lay the slabs.

The third step on how to lay a patio is hammering wooden pegs into the ground. Ensure that the pegs are installed at same height so you can determine the level of the surface.

Lay several slabs on the ground and see which shapes match each other. You can also use cut pieces of paper to scale-down slabs and plan a design. Make a mortar mix and lay slabs on a bed of mortar (5 to 8cm deep). The mix should be five parts building sand to one part cement. Tap down each slab firmly with a rubber mullet.

Leave a gap of at least 1cm between each slab. Use a plank wood to make sure that the slabs are of the same height with the pegs. Edge the patio by laying paviours on 5 to 6 cm of mortar. Use a bolster chisel and hammer to break the paviours if necessary. Once you’re finished, wash the slabs. Remove the splattered mortar right before the spill hardens.

The last step on how to lay a patio is to fill the slabs gaps with pointing trowel plus mortar mix. Remember to prevent mortar from spilling over the surface.

By following these easy steps on how to lay a patio, you can enjoy the convenience of having a patio in your own home.

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